Climate change is one of the current global environmental challenges of great concern to the international community. Developing countries such as Cameroon will likely suffer most from its impacts partly because of high dependence on climate-sensitive natural resources such as forests and limited capacity to adapt to the changing climate. The forest is divided into permanent (77%) and non-permanent (23%) forest domains. The permanent forest domain is forest lands that are used solely for forestry and or as a wildlife habitat. The non permanent forest domain is forest land that can be given out for other activities rather than timber exploitation.
Cameroon’s forest ecosystem supplies goods and services for local livelihoods and national development. As climate change will have an undesirable impact on the functioning of the forest ecosystem, the livelihoods of the people that depend on it become inevitably vulnerable. Conservation and Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) for climate change mitigation and adaptation is one of the main responses to this challenge worth examining. Cameroon has taken some conservation and SFM initiatives that could potentially contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation. According to a publication of the World Bank, 98.7% of Cameroonian low income households use only fuel wood/Charcoal for cooking. The wood demand form household energy largely exceeds the available renewable woody biomass.
This result to rapid rate of deforestation for domestic and commercial purpose, indiscriminate cutting of trees by forest exploitation companies with no operating license and little Government supervision in the forest region and certified forest areas. With about one quarter of the Cameroon’s forests managed by families and communities, resources and cost related to certification are major obstacles to expanding forest certification to the forest area currently uncertified. The status of forests, especially for forest owners in Cameroon and central African states, presents enormous challenges, reflecting the larger constraints of a lack of governance, weak policies and inadequately developed institutions.Procurement policies need to be complemented and supported by capacity-building and development initiatives if they are to fully utilize their potential to contribute to the wider challenge of increasing the Cameroon’s certified forest area, and the supplies of certified timber required.
CADEF in partnership with the Governments, Companies, local NGOs, family and community owned forests to promote forest conservation practices through outreach education and sensitizations in schools, and local communities along the forest region of Cameroon.we educate and train village communities on forest certification, agro-forestry activities to conserve the forest regions in Cameroon. The government of Cameroon is promoting sustainable forest management in collaboration with non governmental organizations such as WWF, WCS, and local communities through the enactment of Cameroon comprehensive forestry law(law number 94/01 of 20th January 1994).
CADEF together with otherpartner organization like WWF advocate and encourages forest conservation measures like forest education ,Agro forestry in local communities in the south wests region of Cameroon to save and protect the forest for sustainable development. This is in line with the programme of sustainable management of natural resources in the south west region coordinated by the ministry of forestry and wildlife and German Government.